Traumatic Brain Injury

Date/Time: Wednesday, October 7, 2020 - 3:30 PM – 5:30 PM
Track: Special Interest Group
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects 1-2 million people in US each year, causing lifelong functional deficits in cognition and behavior. Profound brain injury can compromise arousal and consciousness. New imaging and EEG modalities suggest that consciousness may be preserved to varying degrees even in patients who are unable to interact with their environment and consciousness may, in fact be plastic. This section will cover topics in clinical, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging perspectives to detect consciousness and explore new therapeutic techniques to unlock the mind of the covertly aware.


  • To better understand the pathophysiology of cognitive motor dissociation (minimally conscious state) after brain injury.

  • To understand the potential neural networks and neurotransmitters underpinning consciousness.

  • To update neurophysiological and neuroimaging assessment of consciousness.

  • To gain insights into novel therapeutic approaches for stimulating consciousness.

  • To identify possible therapeutic targets for minimally conscious or unresponsive wakefulness patients.

  • To describe ethical and legal issues arisen around the care of patients who may be covertly aware and/or have cognitive motor dissociation.


Imaging Consciousness: fMRI, Connectomics and the Ascending Arousal Network


Investigating the Role of the Claustrum in Consciousness Recovery Following Severe Brain Injury

Lack of Efficacy of Stem Cells in the Treatment of Chemosensory Dysfunction

Paroxysmal Sympathetic Hyperactivity Syndrome in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Patient Characteristics, Utilization of Sedation, Analgesia and Anesthetic Intravenous Infusion Medications and Patient Outcome

Restoration of Neuronal Function After Coma

Tapping the Brain of the Comatose with EEG: Impairment and Recovery of Consciousness in the Critical Care Setting